Hungarian Revolution 1956
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The Petoefi-Cercle named after the hero-poet of the Hungarian Revolution 1848,was a meeting place for intellectuals critical of the Communist Party-line. Tibor Tardos,well-known columnist,expelled from the Communist Party the previous year,addresses the Club during a discussion of press and information policy, June 27,1956
The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23, 1956. It was crushed by Soviet tanks and artillery after days of street-fighting. People looking at destroyed military vehicles. Railroad cars which were moved from the South Railway Station to Buda, where they served as obstacles against Soviet tanks.
The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23, 1956. It was crushed by Soviet tanks and artillery after days of street-fighting. The insurgents have unfurled the Hungarian national flag in a window of the Budapest Headquarters of the Hungarian Communist Working People's Party.
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.
Aftermath of the Hungarian revolution. Membership meeting of the Writers' Association on December 28, 1956. Tibor Dery has the floor. In the foreground Gyula Hay (hand on chin). Several weeks after this meeting both Dery and Hay were sentenced to prison terms. In January 1957 the Writers' Association was dissolved and was only permitted to be reestablished in 1959.