Hungarian Revolution 1956
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Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.
The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23, 1956. It was crushed by Soviet tanks and artillery after days of street-fighting. The insurgents have hung the Hungarian national flag in a window of the HQ of AVH, the Communist Secret Police. The Communist emblem, hammer and sickle, has been removed from the flag in the foreground.
The Petoefi-Cercle named after the hero-poet of the Hungarian Revolution 1848,was a meeting place for intellectuals critical of the Communist Party-line. Tibor Tardos,well-known columnist,expelled from the Communist Party the previous year,addresses the Club during a discussion of press and information policy, June 27,1956