Hungarian Revolution 1956
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The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23, 1956. It was crushed by Soviet tanks and artillery after days of street-fighting. A dead AVH-man, killed during the storming of the Headquarters of the Communist Hungarian Working People's Party, is decked out with a picture of Rakosi.
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.
Aftermath of the Hungarian revolution. Membership meeting of the Writers' Association on December 28, 1956, during which the Hungarian writers discussed the situation following the end of the Revolution. The speaker is Peter Veres, chairman of the Association. In January 1957 the Writers' Association was dissolved and only permitted to be reestablished in 1959.