Hungarian Revolution 1956
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Meeting of the regional council of the National Front, summer 1956. Matyas Rakosi (1892-1971),Secretary General of the Hungarian Communist Party,talking to (l.to r):Reformed bishop Albert Bereczky,Rabbi Benjamin Schwarz,Catholic bishop Endre Hamvas and Prime Minister Hegedues.Facing the camera is Father Horvath,a Peace pastor.
The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23, 1956. It was crushed by Soviet tanks and artillery after days of street-fighting. In front of the Parliament building, Hungarians read leaflets published by the insurgents. In it, they announce the retreat of the Soviet troops and write about leaving the Warsaw Pact.
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.
The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23,1956.It was crushed by Soviet troops after days of street-fighting.By December 1956 155.000 refugees had crossed the Austro-Hungarian frontier.They were first received in Andau-camp. A tired refugee at Andau camp.
Aftermath of the Hungarian revolution. Membership meeting of the Writers' Association on December 28, 1956. Tibor Dery has the floor. In the foreground Gyula Hay (hand on chin). Several weeks after this meeting both Dery and Hay were sentenced to prison terms. In January 1957 the Writers' Association was dissolved and was only permitted to be reestablished in 1959.