Hungarian Revolution 1956
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Meeting of the regional council of the National Front, summer 1956. Matyas Rakosi (1892-1971),Secretary General of the Hungarian Communist Party,talking to (l.to r):Reformed bishop Albert Bereczky,Rabbi Benjamin Schwarz,Catholic bishop Endre Hamvas and Prime Minister Hegedues.Facing the camera is Father Horvath,a Peace pastor.
The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23, 1956. It was crushed by Soviet tanks and artillery after days of street-fighting. In front of the Parliament building, Hungarians read leaflets published by the insurgents. In it, they announce the retreat of the Soviet troops and write about leaving the Warsaw Pact.
Under Hungarian Communism, Protestants, Catholics and Jews were fairly free in the exercise of their religion. Some leaders of the churches were imprisoned. Joszef Cardinal Mindszenty returned to Budapest on October 31, 1956, after 8 years in an AVH (Secret Police) prison in Felsoepeteny. On November 4, he fled to the US-Embassy in Budapest, where he remained until 1971. He was permitted to leave Hungary in 1971 and lived in Vienna until his death in 1975.
Imre Nagy, Hungarian liberal Reform-Communist, at his home with his granddaughter Katalin. Hungarian Prime Minister from 1953-1955, destituted by the Stalinists under Matyas Rakosi and made Prime Minister at the beginning of the Revolution on October 24, 1956. After the Soviets crushed the Revolution, Nagy was imprisoned and executed in June 1958. See 98-01-19/21,37 and 98-01-07/13A
The Hungarian Revolution began with a first mass-rally in Budapest on October 23,1956.It was crushed by Soviet troops after days of street-fighting.By December 1956 155.000 refugees had crossed the Austro-Hungarian frontier.They were first received in Andau-camp. A tired refugee at Andau camp.
The Petoefi-Cercle named after the hero-poet of the Hungarian Revolution 1848,was a meeting place for intellectuals critical of the Communist Party-line. Tibor Tardos,well-known columnist,expelled from the Communist Party the previous year,addresses the Club during a discussion of press and information policy, June 27,1956